Alam, S., G. Carter, K. Krager, X. Li, H.-J. Lehmler, and N. Aykin-Burns, PCB11 metabolite, 3,3’-dichlorobiphenyl-4-ol, exposure alters the expression of genes governing fatty acid metabolism in the absence of functional sirtuin 3: examining the contribution of MnSOD. 2018. 7(9): p. E121. PMC6162768. [Project 1 and Synthesis Core]

Cheng, S.L., X. Li, H.-J. Lehmler, B. Phillips, D. Shen, and J.Y. Cui, Gut Microbiota Modulates Interactions between Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Bile Acid Homeostasis. Toxicological Sciences, 2018. PMC 5966832. [Synthesis Core]

Dhakal, K., G.S. Gadupudi, H.J. Lehmler, G. Ludewig, M.W. Duffel, and L.W. Robertson, Sources and toxicities of phenolic polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs). Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 2018. 25(17): p. 16277-16290. PMC5785587. [Project 1, Project 3, Synthesis Core]

Duffel, M.W., Sulfotransferases, in Comprehensive Toxicology (Third Edition), C.A. McQueen, Editor. 2018, Elsevier: Oxford. p. 407-428.

Enayah, S.H., B.C. Vanle, L.J. Fuortes, J.A. Doorn, and G. Ludewig, PCB95 and PCB153 change dopamine levels and turn-over in PC12 cells. Toxicology, 2018. 394: p. 93-101. PMC5756734. [Project 1]

Gadupudi, G.S., B.A. Elser, F.A. Sandgruber, X. Li, K.N. Gibson-Corley, and L.W. Robertson, PCB126 Inhibits the Activation of AMPK-CREB Signal Transduction Required for Energy Sensing in Liver. Toxicological Sciences, 2018. 163(2): p. 440-453. PMC5974782. [Project 1, Synthesis Core]

Gourronc, F.A., L.W. Robertson, and A.J. Klingelhutz, A delayed proinflammatory response of human preadipocytes to PCB126 is dependent on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 2018. 25(17): p. 16481-16492. PMC5764822. [Project 1, Synthesis Core]

Herkert, N.J. and K.C. Hornbuckle, Effects of room airflow on accurate determination of PUF-PAS sampling rates in the indoor environment. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 2018. 20(5): p. 757-766. PMC5966328. [Project 4, Analytical Core]

Herkert, N.J., J.C. Jahnke, and K.C. Hornbuckle, Emissions of Tetrachlorobiphenyls (PCBs 47, 51, and 68) from Polymer Resin on Kitchen Cabinets as a Non-Aroclor Source to Residential Air. Environmental Science & Technology, 2018. 52(9): p. 5154-5160. PMC29667399. [Project 4, Analytical Core]

Herkert, N.J., S.N. Spak, A. Smith, J.K. Schuster, T. Harner, A. Martinez, and K.C. Hornbuckle, Calibration and evaluation of PUF-PAS sampling rates across the Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling (GAPS) network. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 2018. 20(1): p. 210-219. PMC5783774. [Project 4, Analytical Core]

Jones, M.P., Linear regression with left-censored covariates and outcome using a pseudolikelihood approach. Environmetrics, 2018. 29(8): p. e2536. PMC- Journal in progress NIHMSID 1001575. [Project 6]

Klaren, W.D., D. Vine, S. Vogt, and L.W. Robertson, Spatial distribution of metals within the liver acinus and their perturbation by PCB126. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 2018. 25(17): p. 16427-16433. PMC5866157. [Project 1, Synthesis Core with Argonne National Laboratories, KC Donnelly]

Klinefelter, K., M.K. Hooven, C. Bates, B.T. Colter, A. Dailey, S.K. Infante, I. Kania-Korwel, H.J. Lehmler, A. Lopez-Juarez, C.P. Ludwig, and C.P. Curran, Genetic differences in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and CYP1A2 affect sensitivity to developmental polychlorinated biphenyl exposure in mice: relevance to studies of human neurological disorders. Mammalian Genome, 2018. 29(1-2): p. 112-127. PMC-Journal in progress. [Project 1 and Synthesis Core]

Li, X., E.B. Holland, W. Feng, J. Zheng, Y. Dong, I.N. Pessah, M.W. Duffel, L.W. Robertson, and H.J. Lehmler, Authentication of synthetic environmental contaminants and their (bio)transformation products in toxicology: polychlorinated biphenyls as an example. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 2018. 25(17): p. 16508-16521. PMC6015536. [Synthesis Core in collaboration with the UC Davis Superfund Research Program]

Li, X., S.R. Parkin, and H.J. Lehmler, Absolute configuration of 2,2',3,3',6-pentachlorinatedbiphenyl (PCB 84) atropisomers. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 2018. 25(17): p. 16402-16410. PMC5823790. [Synthesis Core]

Liu, Y., E.S. Richardson, A.E. Derocher, N.J. Lunn, H.J. Lehmler, X. Li, Y. Zhang, J.Y. Cui, L. Cheng, and J.W. Martin, Hundreds of Unrecognized Halogenated Contaminants Discovered in Polar Bear Serum. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English), 2018. 57(50): p. 16401-16406. [Synthesis Core]

Martinez, A., A.M. Awad, N.J. Herkert, and K.C. Hornbuckle, Determination of PCB fluxes from Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal using dual-deployed air and water passive samplers. Environmental Pollution, 2019. 244: p. 469-476. PMC6277018. [Project 4, Analytical Core]

Martinez, A., A.M. Awad, N.J. Herkert, and K.C. Hornbuckle, PCB congener data of gas-phase, freely-dissolved water, air-water fugacity ratios and air-water fluxes in Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal, IN,U.S., 2018, PANGAEA. 10.1594/PANGAEA.894908.

Mattes, T.E., J.M. Ewald, Y. Liang, A. Martinez, A. Awad, P. Richards, K.C. Hornbuckle, and J.L. Schnoor, PCB dechlorination hotspots and reductive dehalogenase genes in sediments from a contaminated wastewater lagoon. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018. 25(17): p. 16376-16388. PMCID 6206866. [Project 4, Project 5, Analytical Core]

Parker, V.S., E.J. Squirewell, H.J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson, and M.W. Duffel, Hydroxylated and sulfated metabolites of commonly occurring airborne polychlorinated biphenyls inhibit human steroid sulfotransferases SULT1E1 and SULT2A1. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 2018. 58: p. 196-201. PMC6078096. [Projects 3, Synthesis Core]

Pencikova, K., P. Brenerova, L. Svrzkova, E. Hruba, L. Palkova, J. Vondracek, H.J. Lehmler, and M. Machala, Atropisomers of 2,2',3,3',6,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 136) exhibit stereoselective effects on activation of nuclear receptors in vitro. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 2018. 25(17): p. 16411-16419. PMC5943194. [Synthesis Core]

Pencikova, K., L. Svrzkova, S. Strapacova, J. Neca, I. Bartonkova, Z. Dvorak, M. Hyzdalova, J. Pivnicka, L. Palkova, H.J. Lehmler, X. Li, J. Vondracek, and M. Machala, In vitro profiling of toxic effects of prominent environmental lower-chlorinated PCB congeners linked with endocrine disruption and tumor promotion. Environmental Pollution, 2018. 237: p. 473-486. PMC5908724. [Synthesis Core]

Rodriguez, E.A., B.C. Vanle, J.A. Doorn, H.J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson, and M.W. Duffel, Hydroxylated and sulfated metabolites of commonly observed airborne polychlorinated biphenyls display selective uptake and toxicity in N27, SH-SY5Y, and HepG2 cells. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 2018. 62: p. 69-78. PMC6092199. [Project 3, Synthesis Core]

Sethi, S., K.P. Keil, and P.J. Lein, 3,3'-Dichlorobiphenyl (PCB 11) promotes dendritic arborization in primary rat cortical neurons via a CREB-dependent mechanism. Archives of Toxicology, 2018. PMC6196112   [Synthesis Core]

Tomsho, K.S., K. Basra, S.M. Rubin, C.B. Miller, R. Juang, S. Broude, A. Martinez, K.C. Hornbuckle, W. Heiger-Bernays, and M.K. Scammell, Community reporting of ambient air polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations near a Superfund site. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018. 25(17): p. 16389-16400. PMC6015112. [Project 4 in collaboration with the Boston University Superfund Research Program]

Uwimana, E., X. Li, and H.-J. Lehmler, Human liver microsomes atropselectively metabolize 2,2',3,4',6-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 91) to a 1,2-shift product as the major metabolite. Environmental Science & Technology, 2018. 52(10): p. 6000-6008. PMC5966832. [Synthesis Core]


Dhakal K, Gadupudi GS, Lehmler HJ, Ludewig G Duffel MW, Robertson LW, Sources and toxicities of phenolic polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017 Jul 25. doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-9694-x. [Epub ahead of print] [Projects 1 and 3 and Synthesis Core]

Gourronc FA, Robertson LW, Klingelhutz AJ, A delayed proinflammatory response of human preadipocytes to PCB126 is dependent on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017 Jul 11. doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-9676-z. [Epub ahead of print] [Project 1 and Synthesis Core]

Grimm FA, Lehmler HJ, Koh WX, DeWall J, Teesch LM, Hornbuckle KC, Thorne PS, Robertson LW, Duffel MW, Identification of a sulfate metabolite of PCB 11 in human serum, Environ Int. 2017 Jan;98:120-128. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2016.10.023. Epub 2016 Nov 3. [Projects 1, 3, and 6, Synthesis Core, Analytical Core, and Community Engagement Core]

#E.B. Holland, W. Feng, J. Zheng, Y. Dong, X. Li, H.-J. Lehmler, I.N. Pessah, An extended structure-activity relationship of non-dioxin like PCBs evaluates and supports modeling predictions and identifies picomolar potency of PCB 202 towards ryanodine receptors. Tox. Sci. 2017: 155, 170-181. PMCID: PMC5216651. [Synthesis Core and collaboration with the UC Davis Superfund]


#Kalkunte S, Huang Z1, Lippe E, Kumar S, Robertson LW, Sharma S. Polychlorinated biphenyls target Notch/Dll and VEGF R2 in the mouse placenta and human trophoblast cell lines for their anti-angiogenic effects. Sci Rep. 2017 Jan 10;7:39885. doi: 10.1038/srep39885 [Synthesis Core and Project 1 and collaboration with the Brown Superfund]

$I. Kania-Korwel, T. Lukasiewicz, C.D. Barnhart, M. Stamou, H. Chung, K.M. Kelly, S. Bandiera, P.J. Lein, H.-J. Lehmler, Congener-specific disposition of chiral polychlorinated biphenyls in lactating mice and their offspring: Implications for PCB developmental neurotoxicity. Tox. Sci. 2017 [Synthesis Core and collaboration with UC Davis]

Kania-Korwel I, Wu X, Wang K, Lehmler HJ, Identification of Lipidomic Markers of Chronic 3,3',4,4',5-Pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126) Exposure in the Male Rat Liver. Toxicology. 2017 Sep 7. pii: S0300-483X(17)30250-0. doi: 10.1016/j.tox.2017.09.005. [Epub ahead of print] [Synthesis Core, KC Donnelly]

$Klaren, William D., David Vine, Stefan Vogt, Larry W. Robertson, Spatial distribution of metals within the liver acinus and their perturbation by PCB126. Environmental Science and Pollution Research Ref.:  Ms. No. ESPR-D-17-01418R1 [Project 1 with Argonne National Laboratories, KC Donnelly]

Li X, Parkin SR, Lehmler HJ. Absolute configuration of 2,2',3,3',6-pentachlorinatedbiphenyl (PCB 84) atropisomers. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017 May 23. doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-9259-z. [Epub ahead of print] [Synthesis Core]

$Li YL, Hou XW, Yu M, Zhou QF, Liu JY, Schnoor JL, Jiang GB, Dechlorination and chlorine rearrangement of 1,2,5,5,6,9,10-heptachlorodecane mediated by whole pumpkin seedlings. Environmental Pollution 2017 224:524-531. [Project 5 and collaboration with the Research Center for EcoEnvironmental Science, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing]

$S. Liu, H. Zhao, H-J. Lehmler, X. Cai, J. Chen, Antibiotic pollution in marine food webs in Laizhou Bay, North China: Trophodynamics and human exposure implication. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2017: 51, 2392-2400. [Synthesis Core and collaboration with the Dalian University of Technology, PR China]


Marek RF, Thorne PS1, Herkert NJ, Awad AM, Hornbuckle KC, Airborne PCBs and OH-PCBs Inside and Outside Urban and Rural U.S. Schools, Environ Sci Technol. 2017 Jul 18;51(14):7853-7860. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.7b01910. Epub 2017 Jun 28 PubMed PMID: 28656752[Projects 4,6 and the Analytical, Synthesis and Community Engagement Cores]

#Martinez A, Hadnott BN, Awad AM, Herkert NJ, Tomsho K, Basra K, Scammell MK, Heiger-Bernays W, Hornbuckle KC, Release of Airborne Polychlorinated Biphenyls from New Bedford Harbor Results in Elevated Concentrations in the Surrounding Air, Environ Sci Technol Lett. 2017 Apr 11;4(4):127-131. doi: 10.1021/acs.estlett.7b00047. Epub 2017 Feb 21 [Project 6, Project 4, Analytical Core, Synthesis Core, Community Engagement Core in collaboration with Boston University Superfund Research Program]

Mattes TE, Ewald JM, Liang Y, Martinez A, Awad A, Richards P, Hornbuckle KC, Schnoor JL, PCB dechlorination hotspots and reductive dehalogenase genes in sediments from a contaminated wastewater lagoon, Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017 Aug 12. doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-9872-x. [Epub ahead of print] [Projects 4 and 5 and the Analytical Core]

Roh T, Lynch CF, Weyer P, Wang K, Kelly KM, Ludewig G. Low-level arsenic exposure from drinking water is associated with prostate cancer in Iowa. Environ Res. 2017;159:338-43. [Project 1 and Training Core]   

H.W. Schroer, K.L. Langenfeld, X. Li, H.-J. Lehmler, C.L. Just, Biotransformation of 2,4-dinitroanisole by a fungal Penicillium sp. Biodegradation 2017: 28, 95-109. [Synthesis Core, Analytical Core]


$Sethi S, Keil KP, Chen H, Hayakawa K, Li X, Lin Y, Lehmler HJ, Puschner B, Lein PJ. Detection of 3,3'-Dichlorobiphenyl in Human Maternal Plasma and Its Effects on Axonal and Dendritic Growth in Primary Rat Neurons. Toxicol Sci. 2017 Aug 1;158(2):401-411. doi: 10.1093/toxsci/kfx100. [Synthesis Core and collaboration with UC Davis]

Subramanian S, Schnoor JL, Van Aken B, Effects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) and Their Hydroxylated Metabolites (OH-PCBs) on Arabidopsis thaliana. Environ Sci Technol. 2017 Jun 20;51(12):7263-7270. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.7b01538. Epub 2017 Jun 8. [Project 5 and Synthesis Core]


E. Uwimana, X. Li, H.-J. Lehmler, 2,2',3,5',6-Pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 95) is atropselectively metabolized to para hydroxylated metabolites by human liver microsomes. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 2016: 29, 2108-2110. PMCID: PMC5175585. [Projects 3 and 5 and the Synthesis Core]


E. Uwimana, A. Maiers, X. Li, H.-J. Lehmler, Microsomal metabolism of prochiral polychlorinated biphenyls results in the enantioselective formation of chiral metabolites. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2017: 51, 1820-1829. PMCID: PMC5300040. [Projects 3 and 5, Synthesis Core]


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  • Kania-Korwel, I., M.H.M.E. El-Komy, P. Veng-Pedersen, H.-J. Lehmler (2010). Clearance of polychlorinated biphenyl atropisomers is enantioselective in female C57Bl/6 mice. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2010 Apr 15;44(8):2828-35. PMCID: PMC2855138.
  • Lai I, Chai Y, Simmons D, Luthe G, Coleman MC, Spitz D, Haschek WM, Ludewig G, Robertson LW. Acute toxicity of 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126) in male Sprague-Dawley rats: effects on hepatic oxidative stress, glutathione and metals status. Environ Int. 2010 Nov; 36 (8) :918-23. PMCID: PMC2891598.
  • Lehmler, H-J, S. J. Harrad, H. Hühnerfuss, I. Kania-Korwel, C. M. Lee, Z. Lu, C. S. Wong (2010). Chiral polychlorinated biphenyl transport, metabolism and distribution – A review. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2010 Apr 15;44(8):2757-66. PMCID: PMC2855137
  • Lehmler HJ, Telu S, Vyas SM, Shaikh NS, Rankin SE, Knutson BL, Parkin S. Synthesis and Solid State Structure of Fluorous Probe Molecules for Fluorous Separation Applications. Tetrahedron. 2010 Apr 3; 66 (14) :2561-2569. PMCID: PMC2840617.
  • Li X., S. Parkin, M.W. Duffel, L.W. Robertson and H.-J Lehmler. 3',4'-Dichlorobiphenyl-4-yl 2,2,2-trichloroethyl sulfate. Acta Cryst. (2010). E66, o1615–o1616. Open Access PDF
  • Li, X., S. Parkin, M. W. Duffel, L. W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler (2009). An efficient approach to sulfate metabolites of polychlorinated biphenyls. Environ. Intl. 2010 Nov;36(8):843-8. Epub 2009 Apr 5. PMID: 19345419.
  • Li X., S. Parkin, M.W. Duffel, L.W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler, Biphenyl-4-yl 2,2,2-trichloroethyl sulfate. Acta Cryst. E 2010: 66, o1073. Open Access PDF
  • Martinez A. , K. Norström, K. Wang, K.C. Hornbuckle. Polychlorinated biphenyls in the surficial sediment of Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal, Lake Michigan. Environ. Intl, 2010 Nov;36(8):849-54. Epub 2009 Mar 5. PMCID: PMC2888873.
  • Milanowski B, Lulek J, Lehmler HJ, Kania-Korwel I. Assessment of the disposition of chiral polychlorinated biphenyls in female mdr 1a/b knockout versus wild-type mice using multivariate analyses. Environ Int. 2010 Nov; 36 (8) :884-92. PMCID: PMC2891895.
  • Norström K.; G. Czub; M.S. McLachlan; D. Hu; P.S. Thorne; K.C. Hornbuckle. External exposure and bioaccumulation of PCBs in humans living in a contaminated urban environment. Environ Intl, 2010 Nov;36(8):855-61. Epub 2009 Apr 24. PMCID: PMC2891214
  • Persoon, C., T. M. Peters, K. Kumar, K. C. Hornbuckle. Spatial distribution of airborne polychlorinated biphenyls in Cleveland, Ohio and Chicago, Illinois. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2010 Apr 15;44(8):2797-802. PMCID: PMC2855146.
  • Song Y, Buettner GR. Thermodynamic and kinetic considerations for the reaction of semiquinone radicals to form superoxide and hydrogen peroxide. Free Radic Biol Med. 2010 Sep 15; 49 (6) :919-62. PMCID: PMC2936108.
  • Song Y., S. Parkin, H.-J. Lehmler. 1-Bromo-2,3,6-trichloro-4,5-dimethoxy-benzene. Acta Cryst. E 2010: E66, o487. Open Access PDF
  • Song Y., S. Parkin, H.-J. Lehmler, 1-Bromo-4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxybenzene. Acta Cryst. E 2010: E66, o339. Open Access PDF
  • Telu S, Parkin S, Robertson LW, Lehmler HJ. Improved syntheses of non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and some of their sulfur-containing metabolites. Environ Int. 2010 Nov; 36 (8) :828-34. PMCID: PMC2948577.
  • Xie W, Bothun GD, Lehmler HJ. Partitioning of perfluorooctanoate into phosphatidylcholine bilayers is chain length-independent. Chem Phys Lipids. 2010 Mar; 163 (3) :300-8. PMCID: PMC2841784.
  • Xie W, Ludewig G, Wang K, Lehmler HJ. Model and cell membrane partitioning of perfluorooctanesulfonate is independent of the lipid chain length. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2010 Mar 1; 76 (1) :128-36. PMCID: PMC2818369.
  • Xie W, Wang K, Robertson LW, Ludewig G. Investigation of mechanism(s) of DNA damage induced by 4-monochlorobiphenyl (PCB3) metabolites. Environ Int. 2010 Nov; 36 (8) :950-61. PMCID: PMC2888624.
  • Zhai, GS; Lehmler, HJ; Schnoor, JL (2010). Identification of hydroxylated metabolites of 3,3′,4,4′-tetrachlorobiphenyl and metabolic pathway in whole poplar plants, Chemosphere 81, 523-528, DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.07.036, PMID: 20708213, PMCID:PMC2943055.
  • Zhai, GS; Lehmler, HJ; Schnoor, JL (2010). Hydroxylated Metabolites of 4-Monochlorobiphenyl and Its Metabolic Pathway in Whole Poplar Plants, Environ. Sci. Technol. 44, 3901-3907, DOI: 10.1021/es100230m, PMID: 20402517, PMCID: PMC2891041.
  • Zhao H., A. Adamcakova-Dodd, D. Hu, K.C. Hornbuckle, C.L. Just, L.W. Robertson, P.S. Thorne, H.-J. Lehmler. Development of a Synthetic PCB Mixture Resembling the Average Polychlorinated Biphenyl Profile in Chicago Air. Environ Intl 2010 Nov;36(8):819-27. PMCID: PMC2888912.
  • Dreiem A., S. Rykken, H.-J. Lehmler, L. W. Robertson, F. Fonnum. Hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls increase reactive oxygen species formation and induce cell death in cultured cerebellar granule cells. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 2009 Oct 15;240(2):306-13. PMCID: PMC2753730
  • Kloesener J, T. Peters, A. Dodd, L. Teesch, P.S. Thorne, L.W. Robertson, G. Luthe. Innovative application of fluoro-tagging to trace airborne particulate and gas phase PBDE exposures. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 2009 Jan;22(1):179-86. PMID: 19111055
  • Li, X., L. W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler. Electron ionization mass spectral fragmentation study of sulfation derivatives of polychlorinated biphenyls. Chem. Cent. J. 3: 5. 2009. PMCID: PMC2660904
  • Liu Y., J. Smart, Y. Song, H.-J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson, M.W. Duffel. 2009. Structure-activity relationships for hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls as substrates and inhibitors of rat sulfotransferases and modification of these relationships by changes in thiol status. Drug Metabol. and Disposi, 2009 May; 37(5): 1065–1072. Epub 2009 Feb 5. PMCID: PMC2677757
  • Persoon C., K. C. Hornbuckle. Calculation of passive sampling rates from both native PCBs and depuration compounds in indoor and outdoor environments. Chemosphere 2009. 74(7), 917-923. PMCID: PMC2657292
  • Pessah I.N., H.-J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson, C.F. Perez, E. Cabrales, D. Bose, W. Feng. Enantiomeric specificity of (-)-2,2',3,3',6,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl toward ryanodine receptor types 1 and 2. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 2009 Jan;22(1):201-7. PMCID: PMC2662366
  • Ptak, A., G. Ludewig, A. Rak, W. Nadolna, M. Bochenek, E. L. Gregoraszczuk. Induction of cytochrome P450 1A1 in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells by 4-chlorobiphenyl (PCB3) and the effects of its hydroxlylated metabolites on cellular apoptosis. Environ Intl. 2009 Jul 13. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 19604582 PMCID: PMC2904404 [Available on 2011/11/1]
  • Song Y., B. A. Wagner, J. R. Witmer, H.-J. Lehmler, G. R. Buettner. Nonenzymatic displacement of chlorine and formation of free radicals upon the reaction of glutathione with PCB quinones. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 2009; 106:9725–9730. PMCID: PMC2689812
  • Spencer, W. A., H. J. Lehmler, L. W. Robertson, R. C. Gupta. Oxidative DNA adducts following Cu2+-mediated activation of dihydroxy PCBs: Role of reactive oxygen species. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 2009; 46(10): 1346-1352. PMCID: PMC2744390
  • Suh Y.-W., G. R. Buettner, S. Venkataraman, S. E. Treimer, L. W. Robertson, G. Ludewig. UVA/B-induced formation of free radicals from 2-decabromodiphenyl ether (deca-BDE). Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009; 43(7):2581-2588. PMCID: PMC2685467
  • Wangpradit O., S. Mariappan, L. Teesch, K. Norstrom, M. Duffel, L.W. Robertson, G. Luthe. Oxidation of 4-chlorobiphenyl metabolites to electrophilic species by prostaglandin H synthase. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 2009 Jan: 22(1):64-71. PMCID: PMC2637223
  • Wombacher W.D. and K.C. Hornbuckle. Synthetic Musk Fragrances in a Conventional Drinking Water Treatment Plant with Lime Softening.SCE J Environ. Engin. 2009, 135(11): 1192-1198.
  • Xie, W., Q. Wu, I. Kania-Korwel, J. C. Tharappel, S. Telu, M. C. Coleman, H.P. Glauert, K. Kannan, S.V. Santhana Mariappan, D.R. Spitz, J. Weydert, H.-J. Lehmler. Subacute exposure to N-ethyl perfluorooctanesulfonamidoethanol results in the formation of perfluorooctanesulfonate and alters superoxide dismutase activity in female rats. Arch. Toxicol 2009 Oct;83(10):909-24. PMCID: PMC2755535
  • Glauert H.P., J.C. Tharappel, S. Banerjee, N. L.S. Chan, I. Kania-Korwel, H.-J. Lehmler, E.Y. Lee, L.W. Robertson, B.T. Spear. Inhibition of the promotion of hepatocarcinogenesis by 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB-153) by the deletion of the p50 subunit of NF-kappaB in mice. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 232, 302-308 (2008). PMCID: PMC2583134
  • Glauert H.P., J.C. Tharappel, Z. Lu, D. Stemm, S. Banerjee, L.S. Chan, E.Y. Lee, H.-J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson and B.T. Spear, Role of oxidative stress in the promoting activities of PCBs. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 25, 247-250 (2008). PMID: 19122744.
  • Gregoraszczuk E.L., A. Rak, G. Ludewig and A. Gasin´ska. Effects of estradiol, PCB3, and their hydroxylated metabolites on proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis of human breast cancer cells. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 2008; 25(2): 227-233. Abstract
  • Gulcan H.O., L. Yungang and M.W. Duffel. 2008. Pentachlorophenol and other chlorinated phenols are substrates for human hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase hSULT2A1. Chemical Research in Toxicology, 21:1503-8. PMCID: PMC2548291
  • Hu, D.; Martinez, A.; Hornbuckle, K.C. Discovery of non-aroclor PCB (3,3′-Dichlorobiphenyl) in Chicago air. Environ. Sci. Technol.; 2008; 42(21); 7873-7877. PMCID: PMC2646757
  • Jacobus J.A., S. Flor, A.J. Klingelhutz, L.W. Robertson and G. Ludewig, 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-1,4-benzoquinone increases the frequency of micronuclei and shortens telomeres. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 2008; 25, 267-272. PMCID: PMC2346440
  • Kania-Korwel I., K.C. Hornbuckle, L.W. Robertson, and H.-J. Lehmler. Influence of dietary fat on the enantioselective disposition of 2,2',3,3',6,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 136) in female mice. Food and Chemical Toxicology 46, 637–644 (2008). PMCID: PMC2289907
  • Kania-Korwel I., K. Hornbuckle, L. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler. Dose-Dependent Enantiomeric Enrichment of 2,2',3,3',6,6'-Hexachlorobiphenyl in Female Mice. Environ Toxicol Chem. 27, 299-305 (2008). PMID: 18348647
  • Kania-Korwel I., S.M. Vyas, Y. Song, H.-J. Lehmler. Gas chromatographic separation of methoxylated polychlorinated biphenyl atropisomers. J. Chromatogr. A 2008:1207, 146-154. PMCID: PMC2579784
  • Kania-Korwel I., W. Xie, K.C. Hornbuckle, L.W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler. Enantiomeric enrichment of 2,2’,3,3’,6,6’-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 136) in mice after induction of CYP enzymes. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 2008: 55, 510-517. PMID: 18437444
  • Kania-Korwel I , E.G. Hrycay, S.M. Bandiera, H.-J. Lehmler. 2,2',3,3',6,6'-Hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 136) atropisomers interact enantioselectively with hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 enzymes. Chem. Res. Toxicol. Vol 21 (6), 1295-1303, 2008. PMCID: PMC2574739
  • Kania-Korwel I., H. Zhao, K. Norstrom, X. Li, K.C. Hornbuckle, H.-J. Lehmler, Simultaneous extraction and clean-up of polychlorinated biphenyls and their metabolites from small tissue samples using pressurized liquid extraction. J. Chromatogr. A 2008 Dec 19;1214(1-2):37-46. Epub 2008 Oct 31. PMCID: PMC2648864
  • Klösener J., D. C. Swenson, L. W. Robertson and G. Luthe. Effects of fluoro substitution on 4-bromodiphenyl ether (PBDE 3). Acta Cryst. B64, 108–119 (2008). PMID: 18204217
  • Lehmler H.J., L. Xu, S.M. Vyas, V.A. Ojogun B.L. Knutson and G. Ludewig. Synthesis, Physicochemical Properties and In Vitro Cytotoxicity of Nicotinic Acid Ester Prodrugs Intended for Pulmonary Delivery Using Perfluorooctyl Bromide as Vehicle. Journal of Pharmaceutics, Vol 353 (1-2), 35-44, 2008. PMCID: PMC2408535
  • Li X., S. Parkin, L. W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler. 4’-Chlorobiphenyl-4-yl 2,2,2-trichloroethyl sulfate. Acta Cryst. E64, o2464 (2008). Open Access PDF
  • Liu J., J. L. Schnoor. Uptake and translocation of lesser-chlorinated polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in whole hybrid poplar plants after hydroponic exposure. Chemosphere, 73(10), November 2008: 1608-1616. PMCID: PMC2668963
  • Ludewig G., L. Lehmann, H. Esch and L.W. Robertson. Metabolic activation of PCBs to carcinogens in vivo—A review. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 2008; 25, 241-246. PMCID: PMC2364599
  • Luthe G., R. Boy, J. Jacobus, B. Smith, A. Rahaman, L. W. Robertson, G. Ludewig. Xenobiotic Geometry and Media pH determine Cytotoxicity through Solubility. Chem. Res. Toxicol. Vol 21 (5), 1017-1027, 2008. PMID: 18402468
  • Luthe G., J.A. Jacobus and L.W. Robertson. Receptor interactions by polybrominated diphenyl ethers versus polychlorinated biphenyls: A theoretical structure–activity assessment. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 2008; 25, 202-210. PMCID: PMC2746664
  • Maddox C., B. Wang, P.A. Kirby, K. Wang, and G. Ludewig. Mutagenicity of 3-methylcholanthrene, PCB3, and 4-OH-PCB3 in the lung of transgenic BigBlue® rats. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 2008; 25(2), 260-266. PMCID: PMC2346436
  • Persoon C., K.C. Hornbuckle. Calculation of passive sampling rates from both native PCBs and depuration compounds in indoor and outdoor environments. Chemosphere. 2009 Feb;74(7):917-23. Epub 2008 Dec 9. PMCID: PMC2657292
  • Ptak, A., G. Ludewig, E. L. Gregoraszczuk. A low halogenated biphenyl (PCB3) increases CYP1A1 expression and activity via the estrogen receptor beta in the porcine ovary. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 2008: 59(3), 577-588. PMID: 18953099
  • Ravoori S., P. Ayotte, C. Srinivasan, D. Pereg, L.W. Robertson, G.K. Russell, J. Jeyabalan and R.C. Gupta. DNA damage associated with PCBs in the whole blood cells of Inuit. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 25, 273-276 (2008). Abstract
  • Robertson L.W., W. Sulkowski and B. Hennig, Preface. Special Issue of ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY, FOCUS ON PCBs: RECENT ADVANCES IN ENVIRONMENTAL DISTRIBUTION AND HEALTH EFFECTS, Guest Editors: Larry Robertson, Wieslaw Sulkowski and Bernhard Hennig, Vol. 25, issue 2 March 2008, 127.
  • Sacco J.C., H.-J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson, W. Li, and M.O. James. Glucuronidation of polychlorinated biphenylols and UDPGA concentration in channel catfish liver and intestine. Drug Metabolism and Disposition 36, 623–630 (2008). PMID: 18180271
  • Shaikh N.S. , S. Parkin, G. Luthe, H.-J. Lehmler. The three-dimensional structure of 3,3′,4,4′-tetrachlorobiphenyl, a dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), Chemosphere. 2008 February; 70(9): 1694–1698. PMCID: PMC2430941
  • Song Y., G. Buettner, S. Parkin, B. Wagner, L.W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler. Chlorination Increases the Persistence of Semiquinone Free Radicals Derived from Polychlorinated Biphenyl Hydroquinones and Quinones. Journal of Organic Chemistry 73, 8296-8304 (2008). PMCID: PMC2629131
  • Song Y., B.A. Wagner, H.-J. Lehmler, G.R. Buettner. Semiquinone radicals from oxygenated polychlorinated biphenyls: Electron paramagnetic resonance studies. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 2008; 21(7), 1359-1367. PMCID: PMC2740386
  • Stemm D.N., J.C. Tharappel, H.-J Lehmler, C. Srinivasan, J. S. Morris, V.L. Spate, L.W. Robertson, B.T. Spear and H.P. Glauert. Effect of Dietary Selenium on the Promotion of Hepatocarcinogenesis by 3,3’,4,4’-Tetrachlorobiphenyl and 2,2’,4,4’,5,5’-Hexachlorobiphenyl. Exp. Biol. Med. 233, 366–376 (2008). PMID: 18296742
  • Telu S., S. Parkin, L.W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler, 1,3,5-Trichloro-2-methoxybenzene. Acta Cryst. E 2008: 64, o424. Full-text PDF
  • Tharappel J.C., H.-J. Lehmler, C. Srinivasan, L.W. Robertson, B.T. Spear, H.P. Glauert. Effect of antioxidant phytochemicals on the hepatic tumor promoting activity of 3,3’,4,4’-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB-77). Food Chem. Toxicol. 2008; 46, 3467-3474. PMCID: PMC2597727
  • Venkatesha V.A., S. Venkataraman, E.H. Sarsour, A.L. Kalen, G.R. Buettner, L.W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler, P.C. Goswami. Catalase ameliorates polychlorinated biphenyl-induced cytotoxicity in non-malignant human breast epithelial cells. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 2008: 45, 1094-1102. PMCID: PMC2614346
  • Bunaciu R.P., J.C. Tharappel, H.-J. Lehmler, I. Korwel, L.W. Robertson, C. Srinivasan, B.T. Spear, and H.P. Glauert. The Effect of Dietary Glycine on the Hepatic Tumor Promoting Activity of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Rats. Toxicology 239, 147–155 (2007). PMCID: PMC2063585
  • Kania-Korwel I., N.S. Shaikh, K.C. Hornbuckle, L.W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler. Enantioselective disposition of PCB 136 (2,2’,3,3’,6,6’-Hexachlorobiphenyl) in C57BL/6 mice after oral and intraperitoneal administration. Chirality 2007: 19, 56-66. PMID: 17089340
  • Lehmann L., H.L. Esch, P.A. Kirby, L.W. Robertson, G. Ludewig. 4-Monochlorobiphenyl (PCB3) induces mutations in the livers of transgenic Fisher 344 rats. Carcinogenesis 28, 471-478, 2007. PMID: 16950798
  • Ludewig G., H. Esch, L.W. Robertson, Polyhalogenierte Bi- und Terphenyle, Chapter 20, In: Dunkelberg, H., Gebel, T., Hartwig, A. (Editors) Handbuch der Lebensmitteltoxikologie, Wiley-VCH Weinheim, pages 1031-1094, 2007.
  • Luthe G., D. C. Swenson and L.W. Robertson. Influence of fluoro-substitution on the planarity of 4-chlorobiphenyl (PCB 3), Acta Crystallographica, Section B: Structural Science 63, 319-327 (2007). PMID: 17374943
  • Robertson L. W., I. Berberian, T. Borges, L. Chen, C.K. Chow, H.P. Glauert, J.G. Filser and H. Thomas. Suppression of peroxisomal enzyme activities and cytochrome P-4504A isozyme expression by congeneric polybrominated and polychlorinated biphenyls. PPAR Research, vol. 2007, Article ID 15481, 5 pages, 2007. PMCID: PMC2220027
  • Sadeghi-aliabadi H., K. Chan, H.-J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson, P.J. O’Brien, Molecular cytotoxic mechanisms of catecholic polychlorinated biphenyl metabolites in isolated rat hepatocytes. Chem.-Biol. Interactions 2007: 167, 184-192. PMID: 17408604
  • Song Y., S. Parkin, H.-J. Lehmler. 4-Bromo-2-chloro-1-methoxybenzene. Acta Cryst. E 2007: 63, o2091-o2092.
  • Strathmann, J., K. Paal, C. Ittrich, E. Krause, K. E. Appel, H. P. Glauert, A. Buchmann, M. Schwarz. Proteome analysis of chemically induced mouse liver tumors with different genotype. Proteomics 2007; 7(18): 3318-3331. PMID: 17722141.
  • Zettner M.A., S. Flor, G. Ludewig, J. Wagner, L.W. Robertson, L. Lehmann. Quinoid Metabolites of 4-monochlorobiphenyl (PCB3) Induce Gene Mutations in Cultured Chinese Hamster V79 Cells. Toxicological Sciences 100, 88–98 (2007). PMID: 17686921
  • Bender R.P., H.-J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson, G. Ludewig, N. Osheroff. Polychlorinated Biphenyl Quinone Metabolites Poison Human Topoisomerase IIalpha: Altering Enzyme Function by Blocking the N-Terminal Protein Gate. Biochemistry. PMID: 16906772
  • Gooding, M.P., T.J. Newton, M.R. Bartsch, K.C. Hornbuckle. Toxicity of synthetic musks to early life stages of the freshwater mussel Lampsilis cardium. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 51(4): 549-558 (2006). PMID: 16944041. PMCID: PMC2757453
  • Hornbuckle, K. C., D. L. Carlson, D. L. Swackhamer, J. E. Baker, S. J. Eisenreich. Polychlorinated Biphenyls in the Great Lakes. In The Handbook in Environmental Chemistry/Water Pollution. R. A. Hites. Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag: 13-70 (2006).
  • Kania-Korwel I., A.W. Garrison, J.K. Avants, K.C. Hornbuckle, L.W. Robertson, W.W. Sulkowski, H.-J. Lehmler, Distribution of Chiral PCBs in Selected Tissues in the Laboratory Rat. Environmental Science & Technology 40, 3704-3710 (2006). Open Access PDF
  • Kunz S., H.-J. Schmitz, A. Buchmann, M. Schwarz, B. Schilling, O. Päpke, H.-J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson and D. Schrenk. Tumor promoting potency of PCBs 28 and 101 in rat liver. Toxicology Letters 164, 133–143 (2006). PMID: 16426774
  • Liu Y., T.I. Apak, H.-J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson, M.W. Duffel. Hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls are substrates and inhibitors of human hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase SULT2A1. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 2006: 19, 1420-1425. PMID: 17112228
  • Luthe G., P.E.G. Leonards, G.S. Reijerink, H. Liu, J.E. Johansen, L.W. Robertson, Monofluorinated analogues of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (F-PBDEs) as analytical standards: Synthesis, NMR and GC-MS characterization and molecular orbital studies. Environ Sci Technol 2006: 40, 3023-3029. PMID: 16719106
  • Peck, A.M., K.C. Hornbuckle. Environmental sources, occurrence, and effects of synthetic musk fragrances. J. Environ. Monit. 2006: 8(9), 874-879.
  • Peck, A. M., K. C. Hornbuckle. Synthetic musk fragrances in urban and rural air of North America. Atmos. Environ. 2006: 40(32), 6101-6111.
  • Peck, A. M., E. Linebaugh, K. C. Hornbuckle. Synthetic musk fragrances in Lake Erie and Lake Ontario sediment cores. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2006: 40(16), 5629-5635. PMCID: PMC2757450
  • Ptak A., G. Ludewig, M. Kapiszewska, Z. Magnowska, H.J. Lehmler, L.W. Robertson, E.L. Gregoraszczuk. Induction of cytochromes P-450, caspase-3 and DNA damage by PCB3 and its hydroxylated metabolites in porcine ovary. Toxicology Letters 166, 200-211, 2006. PMID: 16949219
  • Ptak A., G. Ludewig, L.W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler and E.L. Gregoraszczuk. In vitro exposure of porcine prepubertal follicles to 4-chlorobiphenyl (PCB3) and its hydroxylated metabolites: effects on sex hormone levels and aromatase activity. Toxicology Letters 164, 113–122 (2006). PMID: 16412591
  • Shaikh, N. S., S. Parkin, H.-J. Lehmler. 2,2',3,3',6,6'-Hexachloro-5-nitro-1,1'-biphenyl (5-Nitro PCB 136). Acta Cryst. E 2006: E62(2), o662-o663.
  • Shaikh N.S., D.C. Swenson, H.-J. Lehmler. 2,3,6-Trichloroiodobenzene. Acta Cryst. E 2006: 62, o4672-o4673.
  • Strathmann J., M. Schwarz, J.C. Tharappel, H. P. Glauert, B.T. Spear, L.W. Robertson, K.E. Appel, A. Buchmann. PCB 153, a non-dioxin-like tumor promoter, selects for ß-Catenin (Catnb) mutated mouse liver tumors. Toxicol. Sci. PMID: 16782779
  • Vyas, S. M., S. Parkin, H.-J. Lehmler. 2,2',3,4,4',5,5'-Heptachlorobiphenyl (PCB 180). Acta Cryst. E 2006; E62(7): o2905-o2906.
  • Vyas S.M., S. Parkin, L.W. Robertson, H.-J. Lehmler. 2,5-Dichloro-4'-methoxybiphenyl. Acta Cryst. E 2006: 62, o4162–o4163. Full-text PDF (with permission from publisher)
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